Chapter 2 Document Formatting in Microsoft Word

The Crime Statistics Document

In this section, you'll discover how to make text bold, underline text, and change it to italics. You'll also learn something about bullets, tabs, indents, margins, and the Page Setup.
So, when you're ready, launch Microsoft Word.
If you already have Word open, start a new blank document by clicking the round Office button in the top left of Word, for 2007 users. From the menu, click on New. When you see the dialogue box appear select Blank Document then the Createbutton at the bottom:
For 2010 users, click the File tab at the top of Word. From the menu on the left, click on New to see the following:
Create a new blank document in Word 2010
Select Blank Document from the list at the top. Then click the Create button in the bottom right.
When you create a new document this page is always called Document followed by a number (Document 1, Document 2, etc). Click the round Office button in the top left and save your new document under a different name. (Or click the File tab, if you have Word 2010.) You learnt how to do this in the previous section. Call it Crime Statistics.
When you have saved your new document under a different name, type in the following. Type it exactly as it is below. Don't try to format it just yet.

Constable Tucker's Crime Statistics
January February March
Murder 0 0 0
Rape 0 0 0
Arson 0 0 0
House Burglary 0 0 0
Shop Burglary 0 0 0
Other Burglary 0 0 1*
Drunk Driving 1 1 1
Speeding 1 1 1

*Does not include Mr Irate's alleged theft from his sweet shop
The crimes committed are:
The theft of a Delia Smith Cookery book from Councilman Todd's chauffer
The same person was caught drink driving three times in three months
Councilman Todd's chauffer was also speeding when he was drink-driving

As you can see, Constable Tucker's statistics are a bit messy and difficult to read. We'll tidy the report up during the course of this section. First, we'll make some of the text bold.

Bold text in Microsoft Word

To make any part of your text bold in Microsoft Word, you have to highlight the text. So using one of the highlight techniques you learnt in a previous section, highlight the first line of the report. In other words, highlight the words "Constable Tucker's Crime Statistics". Your page should like this one:
Title title has been highlighted
Incidentally, if your lines have too much space between them, highlight the lines fromJanuary down to Speeding. Click the highlighted text with your right mouse button. From the menu that appears, select Paragraph with your left mouse button. From the dialogue box, select the item that says "Don't add space between paragraphs of the same style":
The Paragraph dialogue box
The space between the lines should then be reduced.
We're now going to make bold the text we highlighted. There are two very easy ways to make your highlighted text bold. The first is by clicking the "B" icon on the Hometab at the top of Word. It looks like this:
The Bold icon on the Font panel in Word 2007 and Word 2010
With your text highlighted, click the "B" icon. Your text will turn bold. You might not be able to tell because your text will still be highlighted. Click anywhere on your blank page to get rid of the highlight.
The "B" icon will change to this:
The Bold icon has been selected
That indicates that you have Bold text switched on. To turn off Bold text, highlight the text and then click the B icon with the left mouse button.

Use Keyboard
Another easy way to make your text bold in Microsoft Word is with the keyboard. To make text bold by using the keyboard, do the following

  • Highlight the text you want to make bold
  • Hold down the CTRL key on your keyboard
  • Keep the CTRL key held down
  • Press the letter B on your keyboard
  • To switch off the bold text, keep the CTRL key held down and press the B key again

The Shortcut Toolbar

A third way to make text bold is via the shortcut toolbar that appears every time you highlight something. It first appears faintly. Move your mouse over, however, and you'll see it more clearly:
The Bold icon on the Shortcut toolbar
Again, click the B to get bold text. Click the B again to undo the bold text.
When you have successfully changed the first line of the report to bold text, change the crimes themselves so that they are all bold. Change the Months of the year to bold text, too. When you're done, your document will look like this:
Bold text has been applied to the document
As you can see, there is a distinct difference between the bold text and the normal text. We'll now use italics and underlining.

Italics and Underline in Microsoft Word

Again, we need to highlight the text that we're going to change. We'll turn part of the text to italics. So highlight the following line
Does not include Mr Irate's alleged theft from his sweet shop
When you have highlighted the text, click the italic icon in the tool bar. The icon will look like this after you have clicked the letter "I".
The Italics icon on the Font panel in Word 2007 and Word 2010
You can also click the letter "I" in the shortcut toolbar, once the text has been highlighted:
The Italics icon on the shortcut  toolbar
Another way to turn text to italics is to hold down the CTRL key on your keyboard. With the CTRL key held down, press the letter "I" on your keyboard.


To underline some text, click the letter "U" icon, on the font panel: (The keyboard shortcut is CTRL plus the letter "U")
The Underline icon on the Font panel
In the image above, we have both the underline and the bold switched on.
Look carefully just to the right of Underline icon, in the image above. You'll see an arrow. Click the arrow to see more underline options:
Underline options
So if you wanted a double underline instead of a single one, select the second one on the list.
In your report, though, underline "Constable Tucker's Crime Statistics". When you have finished, the report should now look like this (don't worry about the red underlines):
Word Document with italics and underline applied
Our document is coming along. The next thing we'll do is add some Tabs Stops. The Tabs will help is to push some of the text along.

Setting Tab Stop Positions

A Tab Stop in word processing terms is the jump your cursor makes from one position to another when you press the tab key on your keyboard. Your tab key looks like this:
The Tab key on a computer keyboard
Press the tab key on your keyboard and watch what happens. You'll see the cursor jump from left to right in your document. Press the backspace key on your keyboard to get back to where you were. Or just click with your left mouse button.

You can control how far the cursor jumps when you press the tab key on the keyboard. But why would you want to?
You typically set tab stop positions for things like indenting the first line of a paragraph, or if you wanted text to start three or four centimetres along the line. We're going to set three tab stops for our line of text with the months of the year.
With your Crime Statistics document open, do the following:
  • Move your cursor to the start of the January, February, March line of text in your document
  • Locate the Paragraph panel in the Home ribbon at the top of Word
  • Click the small arrow in the bottom right of the Paragraph panel:
The Paragraph panel in Word 2007 and Word 2010
When you click the arrow you should see a dialogue box appear. This one:
The Paragraph dialogue box
Click the Tabs button in the bottom left. Another dialogue box will appear, and will look like this:
The Tabs dialogue box
The area to concentrate on is Tab stop position, right at the top. When you want to set a tab stop, you type in a number in the text box below the words "Tab stop position". Then you press the "Set" button.
We are going to set tab stop positions at 3, 5 and 7 centimetres from the left hand side. (If your Word measurements are set to inches the figures to use are 1.18, 1.97, and 2.75.)
  • Enter a 3 in the Tab stop position text box
  • Click the "Set" button
  • Enter a 5 in the Tab stop position text box
  • Click the "Set" button
  • Enter a 7 in the Tab stop position text box
  • Click the "Set" button
When you are finished, your Tab dialogue box should look like this:
Some tab stop positions have been added
Click the OK button when you have finished. With your cursor still flashing before the J of January, your top ruler bar will look like this:
Tab stops showing on the ruler bar
Notice the three L-shaped lines on your ruler bar. These are your three tab stop positions.
If you can't see the ruler bar, click the View ribbon at the top of Microsoft Word. Locate the Show/Hide panel and select the ruler item:
The ruler item on the Show/Hide panel
To move your text along, position your cursor before the J of January. Press the tab key on your keyboard. The entire line will shift to right, and January will now be lined up with your first tab stop at position 3. Position your cursor before the letter "F" of February, and then press your tab key again. February will be lined up with your second tab stop at position 5.
Position your cursor before the letter "M" of March, and then press your tab key again. March will be lined up with your third tab stop at position 7. Your document will now look like this:
The months have been aligned with the tab stops
You can see that the three months are lined up with the three tab stops in the ruler bar at the top.
Now move your cursor down one line and watch what happens to the ruler bar at the top. The tab stops have vanished!
The tab stops have vanished because we only set them for one line - the months of the year line. To set tab stops for the numbers, highlight the same area of text as in the image below:
Highlighted text
When your text is highlighted, bring up the Tabs dialogue box again. Set three tabs at the following tab stop positions: 3.5, 5.5, 7.5 centimetres. (In inches, 1.37, 2.16, 2.95.)
When you're finished, every line in the highlighted area will have tab stops at those three positions. You now need to shift the numbers across so that one number is underneath one month. So position your cursor before the first number and press your tab key. Position your cursor before the second number and press your tab key. Position your cursor before the third number and press your tab key. Do that for every line of numbers. When you're done, it should look like this one:
All the data has been shifted across with the Tab key
I'm sure you'll agree that Constable Tucker's statistics are looking a lot tidier. We can do something else, though, and that is add some bullets to the list of crimes. After all, what crime list would be complete without bullets!

Creating Bulleted Lists

Bulleted lists have been used throughout this book. To create one of your own, do the following.
  • Highlight the last three lines in your Crime Statistics document
  • On the Home ribbon at the top of Microsoft Word, locate the Paragraph panel
  • On the Paragraph panel, locate the three bullet options:
Bullets on the Paragraph panel in Word 2007 and Word 2010
The first of the three is for bullets that are not numbers or letter. The default for the first option is to have round bullets. If this is all you want then simply click the first option, after you have highlighted your text. You can, however, have other symbols for your bulleted list. Click the arrow next to the first bullet option to see the following:
Bullet options
You can select any of the bullets in the Bullet Library. Move your mouse over each one and you'll see a preview on your page. Click with the left mouse button to choose a particular bullet.
You have a wider range of choices if you click the link at the bottom that says "Define New Bullet". When you click the link, you'll see the following dialogue box appear:
Defining a new bullet
Click the Symbol button at the top to see this screen:
The Symbols dialogue box
Select the symbol you want and then click OK. You'll then be returned to the Define New Bullet dialogue box. If you like the Preview, click OK on this dialogue box, as well. You can however, select a picture, or a font as your bullet. Click the buttons at the top to see how these work.
The second bullet option on the Paragraph panel is for numbers and letters. The default is for consecutive numbers starting from 1. Again, click the arrow to see more options:
Number options for bullets
So if you wanted lowercase letters instead of numbers, select this option from the list. You can also set your own style by clicking the "Define New Number Format" link at the bottom. This opens a dialogue box similar to the one you've just seen.
The third bullet option on the Paragraph panel is for lists that are more complex - bullets within bullets. A list like this, for example:
Sub headings
To get the list above, we first typed the text "Heading One". After highlighting this text, we clicked the third bullet option on the Paragraph panel to see this:
Indented bullet options
Clicking the first option got us the number 1 as a bullet. We then typed the next two items. However, this gets you a numbered list, 1 to 3. To change the list into the one above, highlight an item on your list. Then click the link at the bottom that says "Change List Level". You'll then see the following:
Options for List Levels
Select the List Level you want. Do the same for any other items on your list.

But once you have set a bullet style for your list, it should look something like ours:

Word document with round bullets
We went for a square bullet, but feel free to use something else. Notice, also, that we've made the made bold the text "The crimes committed are:". We've also added a line break after this.

OK, our report is coming along nicely. We can do more to it, though. The next thing we're going to do is use the font option to change the size and font of the heading.

Working with Fonts

A font is a style and design of text. Examine this letter:
A serif font
Now examine this one:
A sans serif font
As you can see, the two styles are completely different. Notice how straight and blocky the second one is compared to the first. The first one has little pointy bits on its edges. The pointy bit is called a serif. Fonts are basically split into two types - those that have the pointy edges, and those that don't. The pointy fonts are called serif fonts, and the ones without pointy bits are called sans serif fonts.
The first of the letter Es is the very popular serif font "Times New Roman". The second letter e is the most popular sans serif font "Arial".
With Microsoft Word 2007 and later, the font you get if you don't make any changes is called Calibri. Calibri is a sans serif font that looks very similar to Arial.
It's common practice to use a sans serif font for headings and a serif font for text. We'll follow that tradition. We'll use Arial for the heading of our report, and use Times New Roman for the body text. To change the font heading to Arial, do the following:
  • Select the heading at the top of your report, the one that says "Constable Tucker's Crime Statistics"
  • Locate the Font panel on the Home ribbon at the top of Microsoft Word
  • Now look for the Font and Font sizes area:
The Font panel in Word 2007 and Word 2010
The font above is set to Calibri, and the size is 11. The big A and the little A just to the right of font size are quick ways to either increase or decrease the size of selected text.
Click the down-pointing arrow to the right of the font box to reveal a list of the all the font on your system:
A list of Fonts in Microsoft Word
Hold your left mouse button down on the vertical scroll bar to the right of the fonts. Move your mouse down to scroll through all of your fonts (you may not have the same ones we have).
If you hover your mouse over a font name your text will change, giving you a preview of what it looks like. Click a font once to select it.
We want Arial so select it from the list.
Use the font size box just to the right of the font name box and change the size to 16. Remove any underline you added for the title. Centre your heading, as well. Your report will then look like this:
Word document with the font changed

Font colours

You can set a different colour for your font. To do that, highlight the text you want to change. Then locate the red underlined letter A on the Font panel of the Home ribbon:
The colour options on the Word font panel
Click the arrow next to the letter A to see some colours appear:
Colour list
Select a colour from the list by clicking one with your left mouse button, or click the "More Colours" link at the bottom.
To the left of the font colours option there is a yellow underline with the letters "ab" on top. What this does is to change the background colour behind your text. Have a play around with this to see what it looks like.
When you finished experimenting, click the Undo arrow to get back to how it was before. The Undo arrow is at the top of Microsoft Word, just to the right of the Save icon:
Word 2007
Undo feature in Word 2007

Word 2010
Undo feature in Word 2010
You can also use the keyboard shortcut combination of CTRL and Z to undo things. Just hold down the CTRL key. Keep it held down and press the Z key.

Setting up Page Margins

If you look at the ruler bar on the left of your screen, you'll see blue (or grey) areas at the top and bottom of the left ruler, and a white area in the middle. The blue areas are your top and bottom margins. You can't move your cursor above the top margins, or below the bottom one. Quite often, you'll want to change the amount of space used for the margins.
If you can't see a ruler on the left hand side, either select it from the Show/Hide panel on the View ribbon at the top of Word. Or click the ruler icon near the top right:
Display the ruler bars in Word 2007 and Word 2010
We'll adjust the Top margin for our report. The ruler bar on the left of the screen currently looks like this:
Top margin
As you can see, there's a blue area to the left, and underneath a white area (this is grey and white in Word 2010). If you trace your finger from the bottom of the blue area across and to "Constable Tucker's Crime" you'll find they match up exactly. This is the top of our page. You can't move your cursor above the white area and into the blue area. But you can change the size of the blue area, and therefore your top margin.
There are a couple of ways you can change your margins in Microsoft Word. We'll start with the tricky way!
  • Move your mouse pointer half way between the blue area and the white area
  • Your mouse pointer will change to the shape of a double arrow:
Top margin arrows
  • Next, hold down your left mouse button
  • Your screen should now look like this:
Top margin line
Notice the thin dashed line running across the page. This is your current top margin
  • With your left mouse still held down drag your mouse downwards
  • The thin dashed line will move with your mouse
  • Let go of your mouse button when you see about 2.5 at the top of the blue area
The margin has been changed
Notice how your top margin jumps down when you let go of your mouse button. You'll have a bigger gap at the top, and therefore more space.
OK, that was the tricky way to adjust a top margin. Let's look at another way to change your page margins in Microsoft Word.

Changing Margins via the Page Layout tab

Another way to change your page margins is via the Page Setup dialogue box. Try the following:
  • Click Page Layout at the top of Microsoft Word
  • From the Page Layout tab, locate the Page Setup panel:
The Margin item on the Page Setup panel in Word 2007 and Word 2010
There is already a Margins option. Click this to see some pre-set margins. You can select one of these, if they are what you need. But click the Custom Margins option at the bottom to see the following dialogue box:
The Page Setup dialogue box
Another way to display the same dialogue box is to click the small arrow in the bottom right of the Page Setup panel:
Shortcut to Page Setup dialogue box
But as you can see from the Page Setup dialogue box, you can set the Top, Bottom, Left, and Right margins from here. Try the following:
  • Click inside the Top text box, the one highlighted and with 2.25 cm in it
  • Use your backspace key to get rid of the 2.25 cm
  • Type in the number 5 (1.97 in inches)
  • Click the OK button
  • This will give you a top margin of 5 centimetres
Change all the margins of your report so that they are the following
Left 3 cm (1.18 inches)
Right 4 cm (1.57 inches)
Top 5 cm (1.97 inches)
Bottom 3 cm

And that's all there is to it! In the next section, we'll look at some Cut, Copy and Paste techniques. Before we leave this section, one extra piece about Tabs.
Remember how you set out the address for Review number one? You used right alignment. So your address looked like this:
Mr Irate
12 High Street

If you wanted the left side of the address in a straight line, you could use tabs.
  • Highlight all the lines of the address
  • Click the left align icon to set the address back to the left hand side
  • Bring up the Tabs dialogue box, like you did previously (Home > Paragraphs panel)
  • Enter a tab stop position of about 10 cm (3.93 inches) and click the Set button
  • Then click OK
  • Position your cursor at the start of each line
  • Press the tab key on your keyboard
The result is this style of address:
Address right-aligned and right-justified

In the next part, you'll learn different techniques for cut, copy and paste. 


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