History of Internet

The Internet could not have existed without the two major inventions of the 19th Century, electricity and the telegraph system.
To a lesser degree, broadcast media such as radio and television
What is the Internet?
Plain and simple:

A worldwide system of interconnected networks and computers.
What is a Network?
A computer network is an interconnection of a group of computers.

Evolution of
the Internet
Was the world's first operational network, and the predecessor of the global Internet
ARPANET was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense.  One theory was that it was developed to survive a nuclear attack.  That theory is often disputed by scientists. 

The Internet was an Accident
The Internet was a result of an unsuccessful military and academic research program!

Why is it called the Internet?
Short for “internetworking.”

The World Wide Web
The original Internet provided screens full of text
Great for sharing info and accessing the Library of Congress
Text was all one font and size

(Graphical User Interface)
GUIs added some color and layout, but still were not very interesting.

The World Wide Web
Saved the Internet!
Hyperlinks were invented
The mouse was invented to click on hyperlinks
The URL (Uniform Resource Locater) was invented.  This allowed sites to be named.

Creation of the World Wide
Tim Berners Lee brought all of this together to form the World Wide Web in 1990.

Mosaic: The First Web
Very slow
Did not handle loading pictures very well
Modems were very slow
Did not give an indication of the potential of this medium

1994 – A Big Year for the
Tim Berners Lee in develops the World Wide Web Consortium to develop standards for the Web
Netscape is founded

The Explosion of the
1994 -- 2000
The Internet exploded during this period.
The first commercial site was Amazon.com.
In 1994 the World Wide Web grew by an astounding 2300 percent!
Amazon saw that online shopping was the wave of the future.
The rest is history…

Browser Wars
Netscape was the standard until 1998
It folded and was taken over by AOL
Microsoft Internet Explorer snagged 96% of the browser market
IE has only recently been challenged by the excellent Mozilla browser